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中美贸易战最新消息:特朗普推出“全政府对华战略”
作者:admin 发布于:2018-11-21 16:41

当地时间8月13日,特朗普在美国一处军事基地签署了2019年度国防授权法案,总额达到7160亿美元,增幅2.6%,是美国军费9年来的最大涨幅,创下伊拉克战争和阿富汗战争以来的新高。
 
On August 13, Trump signed the Defense Authorization Act of 2019 at a military base in the United States, totaling $716 billion, an increase of 2.6%, the largest increase in U.S. military spending in nine years, setting a new high since the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
 
 
 
这么大一笔钱,除了购置大批武器装备、推进先进装备的研发外,其中最引人关注的就是对于战略对手和“假想敌”的针对性。比如,俄罗斯就认为这份法案“令人警觉”,因为其中有拨款支持美国及其盟友在欧洲、尤其是俄边境的巡视行动;法案也授权允许美国政府针对俄罗斯进行制裁,禁止华府销售国防设备给使用俄罗斯科技的国家。
 
Such a large sum of money, in addition to the acquisition of large quantities of weapons and equipment, to promote the research and development of advanced equipment, the most attractive thing is the targeting of strategic opponents and "imaginary enemies". Russia, for example, sees the bill as "alarming" because it includes funds to support U.S. and its allies in patrolling Europe, especially Russia's borders; it also authorizes the U.S. government to impose sanctions against Russia and prohibits Washington from selling defense equipment to countries using Russian technology.
 
 
 
 
 
在中国看来,这份法案则从多个层面表达了针对。例如,法案要求美国国防部制定“全政府对华战略”,并除国防部长豁免外,不再邀请中国参加“环太平洋”系列军事演习;要求支持并强化台湾的“国防军事实力”、扩大美台联合演习、军售及高层军官交流,促进美台官员互访;以及纳入“外国投资风险评估现代化法案”,强化外国投资委员会对在美投资的审查。
 
In China's eyes, the bill has been targeted at several levels. For example, the bill requires the U.S. Department of defense to develop "the government's China strategy", and in addition to the Secretary of defense exemption, no longer China invited to participate in the Pacific Rim "series of military exercises; requirements to support and strengthen Taiwan's military strength, the United States to expand Taiwan joint exercises, arms and senior officers exchange, promote the beauty of Taiwan officials Visits and included in the "foreign investment; risk assessment Modernization Act", strengthen the review of the Committee on foreign investment in the investment in the u.s..
 
 
 
对此,中国外交部、国防部、商务部等均作出回应,认为美国这份法案充满了冷战零和博弈思维,触及了一个中国原则和中美联合公报精神,损害中美的互信合作。
 
In this regard, China Ministry of foreign affairs, Ministry of defense, Ministry of Commerce have responded that the United States this bill is full of Cold War Zero and game thinking, touched a China principle and the Sino US joint communique spirit, mutual trust and cooperation between China and the United States damage.
 
 
 
特朗普这次又是打的什么牌?“全政府对华战略”意味着什么?是否又会在南海、台海等问题上带来变数?我们今天继续对话新加坡国立大学东亚研究所所长郑永年先生,聊聊这些话题。
 
What brand did Trump play this time? What does "the whole government's strategy toward China" mean? Will it bring variables on the South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait? We continue the dialogue of National University of Singapore's East Asian Institute Mr. Zheng Yongnian today to talk about these topics.
 
 
 
1、侠客岛:我们知道最近蔡英文过境美国。从此前的《台湾旅行法》到这次国防授权法案说要提升台湾的军事能力、甚至美军参加台湾军演,甚至再早一些特朗普胜选后跟蔡英文通话,都可以视作是美国在打“台湾牌”。怎么看这种局面?
 
1, chivalrous Island: we know that Cai Yingwen recently crossed the United States. From the previous "Taiwan travel law" to say to improve Taiwan's military capabilities, and even the military to participate in military exercises in Taiwan of the national defense authorization act, even earlier Trump victory followed by Cai Yingwen calls, can be seen as the United States in the "Taiwan card". How do we see this situation?
 
 
 
郑永年:台湾问题不要孤立地看。美国对中国政策的改变是全面的,不光是一个台湾问题。用中国话来说,美国在到处找中国的茬,只不过是看哪个更有效。其实,不光是国防授权法案,他的贸易战、“太空军”计划、外国投资评估法案,都是针对中国。台湾只是众多牌中的一张,甚至朝鲜问题、南海问题都在牌局之中。当然,台湾对中国很重要,也是中国的底线。
 
Zheng Yongnian: do not look at Taiwan in isolation. The change in US policy toward China is comprehensive, not just a Taiwan issue. In Chinese, the United States is only looking at what is more effective in looking for China everywhere. In fact, not only is the national defense authorization act, his "trade war", "space army" plan, evaluation of foreign investment act, are based on the China. Taiwan is just one of many cards, even the Korean issue and the South China Sea issue are in the cards. Of course, Taiwan is very important to China, and also the bottom line of China.
 
 
 
我们这几年一直讲大国之间的“修昔底德陷阱”,这个陷阱实际上是美国人提出来的。根据美国的研究,从1500年以来,排名世界综合国力前两位的大国之间有过16次权力转移,其中12次战争。最近没有发生战争的一次,也就是冷战,是以苏联垮掉、美国获胜结局的。
 
In recent years we have been talking between the great powers "Thucydides trap, the trap was actually put out the americans. According to the research, from the 1500 years, between the ranking of the world's first comprehensive national strength power is over 16 times the transfer of power, the 12 war. There has been no recent war, that is, the cold war, which ended in the collapse of the Soviet Union and the victory of the United States.
 
 
 
美国学界这几年发表了很多关于“修昔底德陷阱”的论文,只不过我们大多忽略掉了而已。他们深信这个陷阱一定会来。基辛格博士就设想,特朗普胜选后会联合俄罗斯对付中国,也是这种总体思想图景的一部分。
 
The United States academia in recent years has published many papers on "Thucydides trap", but most of us ignore. They are convinced that this trap will come. Dr. Kissinger conceived, Trump after the victory against the Russian Federation Chinese, is also part of the overall picture of the mind.
 
 
 
从这个意义上讲,美国打台湾牌不是为了台湾利益,只是当作中美博弈的一个工具、一张牌在打。我从不认为这是美国政客宣称的为了“保护台湾”,所谓“保护美国和台湾的民主自由”只是一种说辞罢了。无论是北朝鲜、台湾、南海还是贸易战,美国就是要找一个对付中国的方式而已。
 
In this sense, the United States to play the Taiwan card is not for the interests of Taiwan, just as the American game is a tool, a card in play. I never think it is American politicians claim to "protect Taiwan", the so-called "protecting the United States and Taiwan's democratic freedom" is just a word. Whether it is North Korea, Taiwan, the South China Sea or a trade war, the United States is to find a way to deal with Chinese.

 


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