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石化产品对外依存度将降低 国内供应能力在不断扩增中
作者:admin 发布于:2018-11-24 16:13

“此轮中国对原产美国加征关税的商品清单中,更多涉及基础类化工产品,尤其是乙烯、丙烯、纯苯、苯乙烯等产品也赫然在列。”中宇资讯分析师许静表示,烯烃,芳烃类基础产品国内对外仍有依存度,每年仍有进口货源纷纷涌入。
 
"In this round of China's list of goods originating from the United States, more basic chemical products are involved, especially ethylene, propylene, pure benzene, styrene and other products. Xu Jing, an analyst with Zhongyu Information, said that basic products of olefins and aromatics still depend on both domestic and foreign markets, and imports continue to pour in every year.
 
 
 
据中宇资讯监测,截至2017年,中国乙烯对外依存度在15%左右,丙烯对外依存度在11%左右,纯苯对外依存度在25%,苯乙烯对外依存度在20%左右。许静认为,随着国内新工艺的持续推进,乙烯,丙烯对外依存度有所降低,后续大炼油项目继续扩能,届时国内乙烯,丙烯对外依存度将继续降低。而从纯苯,苯乙烯方面来看,国内供应能力在不断扩增中,纯苯供应已经陆续趋于偏宽松格局,而苯乙烯方面虽然产能推进略缓,但是作为纯苯主要下游以及需求增长点,2020年前后仍有多套新装置投产,另外,苯乙烯对外依存度也由40%降低至20%左右。
 
According to Zhongyu Information Monitoring, as of 2017, the external dependence of ethylene, propylene, pure benzene and styrene in China was about 15%, 11%, 25% and 20%, respectively. Xu Jing believes that with the continuous advancement of new domestic processes, the external dependence of ethylene and propylene has been reduced, and the subsequent large oil refining projects continue to expand capacity, then the external dependence of domestic ethylene and propylene will continue to decrease. From the point of view of pure benzene and styrene, the domestic supply capacity is expanding, and the supply of pure benzene has gradually tended to be relaxed. Although the production capacity of styrene is pushing forward slightly slowly, as the main downstream of pure benzene and the growth point of demand, there are still many new units put into operation around 2020. In addition, styrene is dependent on the outside world. Degree also decreased from 40% to about 20%.
 
 
 
 
 
虽然国内基础化工类产品存在对外依存度,但是对美国贸易量有限。乙烯,丙烯,纯苯的主要进口来源集中在日本,韩国,东南亚地区等,美国对中国贸易商少。
 
Although domestic basic chemical products have external dependence, the volume of trade with the United States is limited. The main import sources of ethylene, propylene and pure benzene are concentrated in Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia, etc. The United States has few traders with China.
 
 
 
据中宇资讯统计数据显示,2017年美国纯苯出口至中国的商品量在2.4万吨左右,仅占中国纯苯全年进口量的1%左右。并且,中国石化类产品产能仍在稳步推进中,国内纯苯商品量仍处于逐步增长态势。“后期我国纯苯对外依存度将继续降低,国内与进口货源的竞争将在2020年前后继续加重。”许静表示。“中美贸易摩擦对于大宗商品走势,汇率,进出口贸易往来都有一定程度的影响。”许静表示,此前,中国政府公布的对原产于美国的5207个税目约600亿美元商品,加征25%~5%不等的关税名单未有纯苯,但相关产品涉及较多:环己烷、乙苯、苯胺衍生物及盐、
 
According to statistics from Zhongyu, in 2017, the export volume of pure benzene from the United States to China was about 24,000 tons, accounting for only about 1% of the total import volume of pure benzene from China. Moreover, the production capacity of Sinopec products is still steadily advancing, and the domestic merchandise volume of pure benzene is still in a gradual growth trend. "In the latter stage, the dependence of pure benzene on foreign countries will continue to decrease, and the competition between domestic and imported sources will continue to increase around 2020." Xu Jing said. "Sino-US trade frictions have a certain impact on commodity trends, exchange rates, import and export trade exchanges." Xu Jing said that before that, there was no pure benzene on the tariff list of 5207 items originating in the United States with a tariff of about $60 billion. However, there were many related products: cyclohexane, ethylbenzene, aniline derivatives and salts.
 
 
 
苯酚等,以及甲苯、PX均有涉及,而7日中国对美国加征关税清单中又增加了纯苯,苯乙烯,丙酮等上下游产品,因此中国自美国进口商品成本的增加,势必会在短期内增加国内上下游原料成本操作,但长期来看有利于提高国内产品竞争力。
 
Phenol, toluene and PX are all involved. On the 7th day, China added pure benzene, styrene, acetone and other upstream and downstream products to the U.S. tariff list. Therefore, the increase in the cost of imported goods from the U.S. will inevitably increase the cost operation of domestic upstream and downstream raw materials in the short term, but in the long run, it will help to improve domestic production. Product competitiveness.

 


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