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鸡蛋比汽油贵20万倍!委内瑞拉能靠“石油币”救国吗?
作者:admin 发布于:2018-11-05 11:52

国际能源署(IEA)署长比罗尔公开表示,委内瑞拉的石油产量在近年来减少一半后可能还会进一步下降。
 
International Energy Agency (IEA) Administrator Birol publicly said Venezuela's oil production may decline further after halving in recent years.
 
 
 
比罗尔进一步表示,“在很短的一段时间内,委内瑞拉的石油产量已腰斩,这很有挑战性,我们预计这种下降趋势将会延续。”
 
"In a very short period of time, Venezuela's oil production has been cut back, which is very challenging, and we expect this downward trend to continue," Birol said.
 
 
 
委内瑞拉是世界最大的石油储量国,据美国能源情报署(EIA)数据,截至2014年委内瑞拉探明石油储量达2980亿桶,超过沙特,排名世界第一。
 
Venezuela is the world's largest oil reserve country, according to the U.S. Energy Intelligence Agency (EIA) data, as of 2014 Venezuela's proven oil reserves reached 298 billion barrels, surpassing Saudi Arabia, ranking first in the world.
 
 
 
但委内瑞拉的经济结构十分单一,石油工业是其唯一的支柱产业。在过去18个月,委内瑞拉石油业产能减少一半,加上油价不断下跌,委内瑞拉经济就此一蹶不振。
 
But Venezuela's economic structure is very simple, and the oil industry is the only pillar industry. Over the past 18 months, Venezuela's oil industry has halved its production capacity, coupled with falling oil prices, and Venezuela's economy has suffered a setback.
 
 
 
据国际金融报27日报道,在委内瑞拉首都加拉加斯的小型市场里,一块肥皂的价格是490万强势玻利瓦尔,喝一杯咖啡要花200万强势玻利瓦尔,市民拎着一筐总数为500万强势玻利瓦尔的钞票,只为了买一公斤番茄。
 
A bar of soap costs 4.9 million strong Bolivars in a small market in Caracas, Venezuela. A cup of coffee costs 2 million strong Bolivars. Citizens carry a basket of 5 million strong Bolivarian bills in order to buy a kilogram of tomatoes, the International Finance Daily reported Wednesday.
 
 
 
该报道称,目前委内瑞拉物价已上涨460倍,食品药品严重短缺,通货膨胀让面粉、蔬菜这些原来的生活必需品转眼变成奢侈品,大部分物品都要到黑市购买,一些贫困的居民要靠捡垃圾填饱肚子。
 
According to the report, Venezuela's prices have risen 460 times, food and medicine are in serious shortage. Inflation has turned flour and vegetables into luxury goods, most of which are purchased on the black market. Some poor residents have to collect garbage to fill their stomachs.
 
 
 
 
 
英国《每日邮报》14日报道,一枚鸡蛋的价格居然比一升汽油贵20万倍。目前委内瑞拉1升91号汽油的价格是1玻利瓦尔,而95号汽油的价格是6玻利瓦尔。相比之下,一个鸡蛋的价格却高达20万玻利瓦尔,一枚鸡蛋可以换20万升91号汽油。
 
The price of an egg is 200 thousand times more expensive than a liter of gasoline, the daily mail of 14 reported. At present, Venezuela's price of gasoline No. 91 per litre is 1 Bolivarian, while that of gasoline No. 95 is 6 Bolivarian. In contrast, the price of an egg is as high as 200,000 Bolivars, and an egg can be exchanged for 200,000 litres of 91 petrol.
 
 
 
国际货币基金组织(IMF)曾预测,到今年底,委内瑞拉通货膨胀率将飙升至1000000%。
 
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicted that Venezuela's inflation rate would soar to 100,000 by the end of this year.
 
 
 
2018年,委内瑞拉股市从年初的1200点左右上涨至如今的219356.3点,涨幅高达18179%。
 
In 2018, Venezuela's stock market rose from around 1200 at the beginning of the year to 23,356.3 today, an increase of 18,179%.
 
 
 
对此,8月20日委内瑞拉正式开启货币改革,比原有货币“强势玻利瓦尔”少了5个零的新货币“主权玻利瓦尔”进入流通领域。同时,马杜罗政府还宣布了一系列经济改革措施。
 
In this regard, Venezuela officially launched monetary reform on August 20, which resulted in the entry into circulation of a new currency, Sovereign Bolivarian, five zeros less than the original currency, Strong Bolivarian. Meanwhile, the Maduro administration announced a series of economic reform measures.
 
 
 
马杜罗表示,新玻利瓦尔将与“石油币”挂钩,这是他今年大张旗鼓地推出的一种国营加密货币。1石油币将等于60新玻利瓦尔,也就是说1个石油币价值60美元。这意味着玻利瓦尔官方汇率从1美元兑25万旧玻利瓦尔的水平贬值约95%。
 
Maduro said that the new Bolivar would be linked to the "oil currency", a state-owned encrypted currency he launched this year with great vigour. 1 oil coins will equal 60 new Bolivar, that is to say, 1 petroleum coins are worth 60 dollars. This means that the official exchange rate of Bolivar has depreciated by about 95% from 1 US dollars to 250 thousand old Bolivar.

 


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